NASA has a huge arsenal of equipment set up to monitor the Earth's atmosphere. Satellites, balloons bearing instruments and ground devices all take up to 30 million observations every day. That alone provides interesting and important data but they are just pieces of the puzzle; a complete picture of all the activity in the Earth's atmosphere is only visible after the various data is layered together through climate modeling.
Climate modeling is the job of NASA Goddard's Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. The modelers on the job there create complex mathematical experiments with all the data that can move Earth backwards or forwards in time giving a dynamic view of the planet.
The recently released video below shows a period of time from August 2006 to April 2007. This simulation was created to show how winds whip up different particles from all of Earth's activity — volcanic events, cyclones, dust storms and the like. The goal — to understand how these pattern affect weather and climate.
In the video below different particles are represented with various bright colors that make our Earth's atmosphere look like a moving painting. The colors are: dust (red), sea salt (blue), sulphate (white) and black and organic carbon (green).
Enjoy the view!