On every mission of NASA's Gemini program in the mid 1960s, the astronauts took Hasselblad 500c cameras with 70mm film and Zeiss 60mm lenses along with them. You've almost certainly seen a few of the more famous pictures that were taken on Gemini, but Arizona State has recently scanned in all of the original negatives (nearly 3,000 of them) and put them online in a high-resolution archive for the first time. We've looked through every single one and picked out the very best from each mission to tell you their stories.
All of the images below were scanned from the original 70mm rolls of film, which is why you can see parts of other images at the top and bottom. Every image was scanned, even the blank frames, calibration frames, and pictures that have bad exposure or are out of focus. We've included some of these anyway, since they capture a side of the Gemini missions that you've probably never seen: an artistic side, and a human side.
Arizona State has processed most of the raw frames to remove background fog (a film artifact), and to improve the contrast using a histogram stretch. It hasn't done any sharpening or artifact removal, so if you notice smudges or spots, that's 'cause the picture had smudges or spots on it. You'll only be looking at scaled-down versions of the original scans, which are 20 megapixels (and 58 megs) each: to find the full-resolution version of a particular image, just use the image ID (the bit in bold in the caption) at the Gemini archive (link below).
In this article, we're taking a look at the first half of the Gemini program, missions three through seven. We'll cover eight through twelve in our next piece.
Credits: The italics in the caption are the original image captions (where available), and all of the processed images are credited to NASA/JSC/Arizona State University.