While it may look like a new head for the Daleks on Dr Who, this is actually a new type of 3D camera that offers a 360 degree panoramic view of its location.
One of the dirty little secrets about so called "3D TV" is that it's not really 3D at all, Technically it should be called stereoscopic TV, because if you move your head to the side, your perspective doesn't actually change.
This camera could change all that, by allowing for changes of perspective in addition to delivering a three dimensional image. Quite how it works isn't clear to me, but it has something to do with how the multiple lens array lets you determine the distance to any object in the image.
The camera was developed by EPFL, the same Swiss lab that created that tiny cellphone projector we saw recently. They say possible uses include backup cameras for cars, panoramic vision for robots, and creating realistic environments for video games.
Like most things 3D, it's hard to get a handle on what can do from a flat 2D video, but this could be a real breakthrough development.